Heatwaves and energy poverty in the Mediterranean

All across the globe, temperatures are rising, and thanks to the most recent report published by the International Panel on Climate Change and recent U.N. projections, we know that even if we do make sweeping cuts to emissions, we’re still on course for a catastrophic temperature rise of 2.7 degrees Celsius by the year 2100. That means, the record-breaking floods, droughts, storms, wildfires, and heatwaves we’re currently seeing, or for many of us, directly experiencing, are just the beginning. Global warming is not just some distant thing to worry about in the future — it’s here. Right now.

Although cataclysmic events like hurricanes and wildfires tend to monopolize most of the headlines on climate change, as paltry as it is to begin with, climate news coverage hardly ever focuses on the less flashy impacts. Things like heatwaves, for example, might draw some attention if they’re record-shattering — but oftentimes, the impacts of long-lasting higher temperatures are not covered in any depth by mainstream news outlets.

In this episode of The Response, we’re going to focus on an issue that isn’t talked about hardly enough: energy poverty. When temperatures rise to the point where they become dangerous, what happens to people who can’t escape the heat? As temperatures continue to soar and extreme heatwaves become the norm, a lack of resources to stay cool — so, having access to things like air conditioning, for example, — is a huge issue across the world. This is especially true in southern Europe, a region that experienced a series of record-breaking, climate-fueled heatwaves this past summer.

“Heatwaves and energy poverty in the Mediterranean” episode credits:

Episode credits:

Host and executive producer: Tom Llewellyn
Series producer, research, and scriptwriting: Robert Raymond
Theme Music: “Meet you on the other side” by Cultivate Beats
Additional music: Belong, Fugazi, and Chris Zabriskie
Original artwork was created by Kane Lynch
Special funding was provided by Guerrilla foundation

Featuring:

Eleni Myrivili, Chief Heat Officer for the City of Athens (the first person to hold this title – recently featured in New York Times).
Lidija Živčič is the senior expert at the FOCUS Association for Sustainable Development and a coordinator at EmpowerMed.
Mònica Guiteras, a member of the Alliance Against Energy Poverty in Catalonia, and Engineers Without Borders.  
Martha Myers, energy poverty campaigner at Friends of the Earth Europe and the coordinator of the Right to Energy Coalition.
Narrated by Tom Llewellyn.

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The Response from Shareable.net, is an award-winning documentary and podcast series hosted by Tom Llewellyn exploring how communities are building collective resilience in the wake of disasters.

Producers note:

The Response is officially back for a 4th season. Over the next few months we’ll be increasing the frequency of the show and releasing new episodes at least every other week. We’ve already got a number of exciting interviews and roundtable discussions lined up. And if you would like to hear more episodes like this, you should check out our other audio documentaries mostly exploring specific community-led responses to disasters like the 2017 Mexico City Earthquake, Hurricane Sandy in New York City, the Grenfell Tower Fire in London, and a lot more.

We also encourage you to watch our award-winning 30-minute micro-budget documentary film, “The Response: How Puerto Ricans Are Restoring Power to the People,” on Shareable’s Youtube channel. While you’re there it would be a big help if you give it a thumbs up and let us know what you think in the comments.

“Heatwaves and energy poverty in the Mediterranean” episode transcript:

News Anchor: Forest fires fueled by a protracted heatwave in Greece continue to rage, forcing the evacuation of dozens of villages. A heatwave described as Greece’s worst since 1987 has baked the country for more than a week sending temperatures to 113 degrees…

News Anchor: Madrid could get up to as high as 40 degrees and many homes don’t have air conditioning in Spain, and so elderely are being asked to take particular care…

News Anchor: To have historically high temperatures — the hottest temperature we’ve ever had on record — people around here just don’t have air conditioning units installed in their homes, so it really is a big deal…

News Anchor: Millions of people here in Europe have been sweltering in this summer’s second extreme heatwave. And across the continent, records are being broken…

News Anchor: A weather station in Sicily recorded a high temperature of 48.8 degrees celsius Wednesday, that’s 120 degrees fahrenheit, an all-time record for Europe…

News Anchor: 2020 has tied with 2016 as the world’s warmest year on record. That rounds off the world’s hottest decade as the impacts of climate change intensified…

News Anchor: As the weather sets new records across Europe, climate scientists say such heatwaves are likely to become the new normal in the coming years….

Tom Llewellyn: All across the globe, temperatures are rising, and thanks to the most recent report published by the International Panel on Climate Change and recent U.N. projections, we know that even if we do make sweeping cuts to emissions, we’re still on course for a catastrophic temperature rise of 2.7 degrees Celsius by the year 2100. That means, the record-breaking floods, droughts, storms, wildfires, and heatwaves we’re currently seeing, or for many of us, directly experiencing, are just the beginning. Global warming is not just some distant thing to worry about in the future — it’s here. Right now.

Although cataclysmic events like hurricanes and wildfires tend to monopolize most of the headlines on climate change, as paltry as it is to begin with, climate news coverage hardly ever focuses on the less flashy impacts. Things like heatwaves, for example, might draw some attention if they’re record-shattering — but oftentimes, the impacts of long-lasting higher temperatures are not covered in any depth by mainstream news outlets.

In this episode of The Response, we’re going to focus on an issue that isn’t talked about hardly enough: energy poverty. When temperatures rise to the point where they become dangerous, what happens to people who can’t escape the heat? As temperatures continue to soar and extreme heatwaves become the norm, a lack of resources to stay cool — so, having access to things like air conditioning, for example, — is a huge issue across the world. This is especially true in southern Europe, a region that experienced a series of record-breaking, climate-fueled heatwaves this past summer.

We’ll start in Athens, Greece, which, as you might’ve heard, was devastated by a series of wildfires in August — largely fueled by scorching temperatures.

Eleni Myrivili: This summer was a really hard summer for Athens and for Greece, as it was in general for the Mediterranean — a lot of Mediterranean countries ended up having heatwaves and ended up reaching temperatures that were record-breaking for Europe.

Tom Llewellyn: Eleni Myrivili works for the city of Athens as Chief Heat Officer, a position which is part of an initiative that started from the Atlantic Council’s Arsht Rockefeller Resilience Center.

Eleni Myrivili: It actually reached the hottest temperatures that Greece has ever reached.

Eleni Myrivil: It was extraordinary because as soon as the heatwave started peaking, there were wildfires that broke out in the very urban forests of Athens. And because of the prolonged period of very high extreme temperatures that started in June, it really was like a powder keg — the trees just went up in flames.

Tom Llewellyn: It wasn’t just Athens, though. You might’ve seen that viral video of a tourist ferry evacuating people from the Greek island of Evia, which is about 100 kilometers from Athens. Aside from apocalyptic, the most appropriate description of the scene might’ve come from an article in the Guardian headlined: “If Dante had filmed the Inferno on his iPhone, it would look like this.” And if you’ve seen the video, you’ll know that’s really not an exaggeration. And Athens wasn’t much different.

Eleni Myrivili: There were ashes dropping, like ash rain, in Athens for days. Every time that the wind would change, we would get this intense ash rain. I have never seen that before, ash was covering everything, all the different surfaces. And also during several days, we had these post-apocalyptic images in the sky of these grey clouds with reddish kind of light coming through them. Photographs and images that we have seen from California and from Sydney. I mean, we are now starting to share this imagery, which really feels like a post-apocalyptic movie.

Eleni Myrivili: It’s a very very eerie feeling and it feels very unsettling and also very scary. And for us, that kind of are dealing with climate change, it really brings to the front kind of what we will be facing in the future much more often than we are now. And it’s daunting.

Tom Llewellyn: But as devastating and headline grabbing as they are, wildfires aren’t the only disasters that are sparked by rising temperatures.

Eleni Myrivili: Heatwaves and extreme heat is a silent killer. It kind of rolls in and nobody really knows what’s going on and kind of stays there and then kind of rolls out. And then nobody really knows how many people have ended up in hospitals, how many people have died and what the effects really have been.

Tom Llewellyn: Exposure to extreme heat has both acute and long lasting impacts on the human body. Heat stroke is perhaps the most obvious effect, but we also know that exposure to extreme heat is associated with heart disease, lung disease, psychological problems like brain-fog or general confusion — studies have even shown that it’s associated with an increase in work-related accidents.

Lidija Živčič: About 104 million people in Europe cannot keep their homes sufficiently cool in summer.

Tom Llewellyn: Lidija Živčič is the senior expert at the FOCUS Association for Sustainable Development and a coordinator at EmpowerMed, a project working to tackle energy poverty in Mediterranean countries.

Lidija Živčič: Mainly due to the climate change, heatwaves are becoming a new characteristic of European Summers. And, for example, in 2003, in the heatwaves of that year, more than 70,000 additional deaths occurred due to the heatwaves. So summer energy poverty is present, and it also hits disproportionately the most vulnerable. When this happens, the people with lower incomes, people of color, unemployed people, elderly women or also people with health issues or homeless people are basically on the frontlines because they tend to live in the most inadequate homes or actually don’t have homes at all. So they have the least access to cooling and being safe during these kinds of events.

The problem of Summer energy poverty is estimated to rise in the future not only because of the climate change and the predictions, but also because vulnerability factors especially in the Mediterranean areas of Europe, are becoming more and more expressed. Namely, these areas are not only marked by poor buildings and poor insulation, but they also face challenges of errors, indebtedness, and the risks of disconnection.

Tom Llewellyn: There is actually no official EU-wide definition of energy poverty, but it’s generally described by those in the field to occur when a household cannot achieve the minimum level of energy consumption required for satisfying basic needs — and also for effective participation in society. So it’s not just about being able to keep your home cool enough to stay healthy, but it’s also about whether or not you’re able to maintain a decent living environment. So, having a house that’s too hot to invite friends over, would be one, small, practical example.

Lidija Živčič: Households that are affected by energy poverty may experience inadequate levels of essential energy services, like, for example, thermal comfort. They might experience disproportionate energy expenses that are forcing them into decisions that are very difficult to make, like we call it the “heat or eat” dilemma. Or they have very precarious access to energy, for example, depending on very unstable, sometimes even illegal supply of electricity.

Tom Llewellyn: In addition to raising public awareness and formulating local, national, and EU policies designed to tackle the issue, EmpowerMed is also working on implementing practical solutions tailored to empower households affected by energy poverty.

Lidija Živčič: So we’re proposing five different ways to tackle energy poverty among people. The first is so-called collective assembly. It’s a forum to where about 20 to maybe 30 people affected by energy poverty gather in common spaces roughly every two weeks. During the conversation with each other, they help each other to transfer and exchange knowledge and skills about energy use, rethink energy bills, implementing simple measures for energy savings. Also, they’re discussing, for example, how to change energy provider from a more expensive one to a cheaper one. Sometimes people get together in collective assemblies to organize collective purchase of energy. Sometimes they’re trying together to access building rehabilitation grants.

So it’s a wide array of activities that people try to do in support to each other in collective assemblies. But the most important characteristic of this activity is that actually people show each other that they’re not alone, that they all have some sort of knowledge of how to solve and tackle the problem and that they can actually support each other. Sometimes when the mutual support is not enough we actually also accompany people, for example, to go to a company which is demanding that the debt is paid back and we try to help them work out the debt with the company or we’re helping people to change the energy provider and so on.

Lidija Živčič: Then the next way to tackle energy poverty are household visits. We do a short and very simple energy audit based on which we suggest a package of hints and tips about changing behavior in the household. But also we provide the household with a small package of free devices that can help them save some energy, also water and so on.

Tom Llewellyn: So there’s the assemblies and household visits, and EmpowerMed also hosts do-it-yourself workshops where participants can exchange tips and tricks on all sorts of things, from information on how to best shade your house with plants, how to use water and ice to cool a space with simple ventilation, or teaching folks how to read their smart meters.

Lidija Živčič: Then the fourth way that we help the people is that we provide support in accessing small grants or loans or investments. For example, refurbishing the household or changing some of the energy consuming devices such as fridge. So in different countries, there are different schemes, so we provide different help to households to access the schemes. This can entail just giving a bit more information all the way to helping the households to fill in all the forms that are necessary to be filled in to access, for example, a subsidy for house refurbishment.

Lidija Živčič: Then the last step or the last method that we were using, our so-called health workshops. Here we work in to two manners again, one way is that we work directly with people affected by energy poverty and a bit similar to collective assembly, we work with a group of people, but with the support of a therapists who helps people open and tackle their mental problems related to energy poverty.

Mònica Guiteras Blaya: I am Mònica Guiteras, I am a member of the Alliance Against Energy Poverty in Catalonia, and I’m also part of Engineers Without Borders. The alliance is a social movement formed basically by affected families suffering from energy poverty, or energy precariousness, that has been in the struggle for the energy rights and the access to basic supplies since 2014.

Tom Llewellyn: Like EmpowerMed, the Alliance Against Energy Poverty in Catalonia works both on the policy and the grassroots levels — and they run a similar program of collective advisory assemblies every two weeks.

Mònica Guiteras Blaya: We have been having them since 2014, so it means lots and lots of people coming to our open assemblies in which what we do is we have a conversation about these energy poverty situations. Each person explains their case and we transform the way in which energy advice was given in a more unilateral way, because that’s what has been the common measures in many countries, like household visits, paying for some of the bills that are accumulated. But then the next year or the next month, the problem pervades. So what we are offering is an open space where each person can explain their own case with no judgment, with the aim of un-blaming people and with the perspective of collective knowledge.

So there’s no people that knows and people that are experts and then people that know nothing — but completely the opposite. We all know something because we have experienced diverse situations of precariousness and we have something to share. So those who have been disconnected know something about that procedure and how to be reconnected and those who have suffered from harassment, phone harassment, or door to door sellers that want to change the conditions of your contract — those people would know how to face these kinds of cases, no? So, it’s not that we say people, you have to do this, but we are kind of sharing what each of one has experienced.

And we also try to share different roles in the methodology. So someone would be giving the welcoming, someone would be explaining like the main pieces of information, like basic information. What are our rights? What laws are protecting us? Then someone else would see how many new cases we have in the assembly and would give voice to one or the other, like in order of appearance or in order of urgency. And then someone else would also accompany those cases that are more complex. So we try to work in a horizontal way to end with this kind of uni-directional messages, and sometimes an essentialist [?] or paternalist messages that are not really helping people to change the situation for good. So, it’s also a democratizing process so that we can all have a say in the energy model that we live in. [00:14:13]

Tom Llewellyn: The assemblies generally consist of around 25 or 30 people, and after switching to remote meetings during COVID, the Alliance has recently begun experimenting with a hybrid in-person and remote format, which they’ve noticed actually increases accessibility to folks who may not be able to conveniently travel to Barcelona to attend a meeting.

Mònica Guiteras Blaya: For us, mutual support is something that we saw it worked in other social movements — and so lots of recognition for their proposal and their success. And of course, they learned from some others. And we also have a lot to learn from struggles in the Global South. And this more democratized and assembly proposals that have a collective responsibility and that where leadership can be shared and can be changing. So maybe many people that come to our assembly, they don’t know the mutual support is an anarchist proposal, they just know that it works because that’s what we do.

We have the assemblies, but we also have a Telegram group where someone would write at 11:00pm in the night saying, “I just got disconnected. What can I do now?” So we don’t answer every two weeks — we are there. And because we are lots of us and it’s not one person that knows what to do and what to say, if someone is already sleeping, someone else would answer. So it’s a shared responsibility. And you feel the other one is an equal. So you feel valued. We also try to end with the hierarchy of knowledges. Like why is it more important to know how the electricity market works than to have the time to call Olga to ask her, how are you doing? Have you got your electricity yet? Like why is more important the conceptual knowledge than common sense or calls of how are you doing? Which is very simple.

But no one was doing this. I mean, no one for these people, like no one was helping them in this sense. Maybe they didn’t need so much advice, like the steps to follow are this, this, this…You need to fill in this form, this form and this form — but they needed like, how are you? And this is something that not always social services can do because they can’t do anything else, like social workers are having so much trouble coping with all the work they have. So, yeah, social autonomous organization is trying to answer to that. Which doesn’t mean the state hasn’t a responsibility. But in the meantime, and in the urgent perspective, we will be there and then of course in the mid and long term with measures and policies. But we need to have something to say and something to do today and in the urgent term.

So I think this is what this mutual support was, like being there from the less complex perspective, like just knowing that it’s kind of family, but not because it’s super hippy or, oh, let’s make a party together. No, no, no. Like it’s very like concrete, it’s tangible, because you go to the assembly and people is there for you. So it counts. It counts maybe sometimes just as much as a new piece of legislation.

Tom Llewellyn: Of course, that’s not to say that legislation and policy work around energy poverty isn’t needed as well — it definitely is. In fact, a lot of the on-the-ground support taking place in the assemblies informs the policy work being done by the Alliance Against Energy Poverty, which includes proposing legislation or programs to political parties and administrations at all levels, from city councils to the Catalan government and all the way up to the national level. One of their biggest policy successes was a Spanish law barring households from having their electricity disconnected if they were unable to pay their bills.

Martha Myers: Hi, I’m Martha Myers. I am the energy poverty campaigner here at Friends of the Earth Europe. And we work for the most socially and environmentally resilient solutions to the climate crisis. I’m also the coordinator of the Right to Energy Coalition, which brings together social environmental organizations, trade unions, and health organizations across Europe to ensure that we tackle energy poverty and that we ensure a just energy transition for all so that low income groups are included in the European Green Deal.

Tom Llewellyn: Kind of like the Green New Deal here in the U.S., the European Green Deal is a set of policy initiatives by the EU with the overarching aim of making Europe climate neutral in 2050.

Martha Myers: Energy poverty is a specific form of poverty that is normally a result of inefficient homes, neoliberal energy markets, which put profit before people and planet, and also wider poverty indicators. So we’re looking at injustices, structural racism, more austerity measures, etc. When we talk about energy poverty, we really have to recognize that energy poverty is a political decision that needs a political response. So, it is not a personal burden of not being able to pay your energy bills, it is a response to being given insufficient housing that has not been given adequate performance standards. It is a response to governments giving subsidies to fossil gas companies to install boilers rather than for them to subsidize heat pumps and district heating infrastructure. It is important to recognize that this is a structural inequality. This is often something which is misunderstood for those that are living in energy precarity — they think that in some way it is their fault. We actually know that one in five Europeans struggle to keep their house cool during summer. So it’s a huge problem across Europe, particularly in the southern regions where there are inefficient housing, and we know that heatwaves are increasing at an exponential rate.

This is the richest continent in the world where we should have adequate resources to deliver to those that live on the front lines of the climate crisis. And, however, we continue to put the poorest and most vulnerable disproportionately at risk, as well as not giving them access to the clean and affordable energy that they deserve. This is something that the Right to Energy Coalition really works for is to ensure that we are holding governments accountable, holding the EU accountable to deliver to low income groups who have been previously left behind or unheard in climate policy.

Tom Llewellyn: The Right to Energy Coalition has European partners at many different levels — from those with direct experiences of living in energy precarity, to solidarity groups and community organizations who take action to ensure that energy-poor households are protected and are able to access renovations and renewables at a local and municipal level. They also have national partners who are working on changing national policy in EU member states.

Martha Myers: So some of our main demands that we have here at the Right to Energy Coalition to ensure that there are free, grant-based renovations for low income households across Europe and also that low income households have access to renewable schemes. And one of the ways that this has to come forward so that we can remedy the climate crisis is by diverting subsidies from, for instance, fossil gas boilers, which are seen as the current answer to energy poverty, which is very shortsighted, towards more sustainable solutions to ensure that low income households can have access to renewables, green district heating, etc. And this would also mean that low income households would experience less heat energy poverty or summer energy poverty because they would be able to have greener air conditioning that was based on green electricity rather than on fossil fuel infrastructure.

Eleni Myrivili: The more I got involved in this role, the more I got worried about it, and the more I learned about the challenges of the city in relation to heat, the more I felt that I was more and more dedicated to it.

Tom Llewellyn: Here’s Athens Chief Heat Officer, Eleni Myrivili, again.

Eleni Myrivili: And from being part of all these international fora of cities talking about climate change and this and that, I also realized that there was very little work being done about heat in cities. Like people, mostly when they think of climate change, they think of sea level rising or, you know, like extreme events like hurricanes or stuff like that. But very little attention has been given to the fact that we are talking about global warming and global warming means that the heat is rising and the there is very little discussion about cities and how cities are even warmer than other parts because of the way that they’re built and how cities are more and more popular, attracting people to them, and the populations are becoming more and more vulnerable to the weather conditions and specifically to heat.

Tom Llewellyn: In addition to implementing information campaigns and helping to create “buddy systems” where municipal workers and NGO members regularly check-in on and provide a number services to folks who may be particularly vulnerable to excessive heat, Eleni also has larger, systemic visions. And not just for Athens, but for cities all across Europe and even globally.

Eleni Myrivili: A big part of it is to make it more visible and make it more concrete and explain what the dangers that are related with it are to different parts of the population. Part of this, I think it will be game changing if we manage to start naming heatwaves and also categorizing them. So they’re not this vague thing that doesn’t really have a beginning and an end. It doesn’t really have a specific kind of sense of what are we really dealing with. Which I think it will make it easier for the media to communicate them, but also for decision makers to set into motion specific responses based on what level of heatwave we being forecasted and what we will be dealing with. Now all this is very vague and ad hoc, and it’s like, you know, different measures are being taken in different ways that are not at all kind of regulated and standardized.

We have to transform our cities and we have to really aggressively take back public space from cars and really kind of focus on public transportation and on bringing nature and water in the cities. And actually, I think it has to be — I use the word aggressively, very consciously because I think we can’t just kind of keep talking about, you know, creating parks or planting trees. I mean, all this is great and I don’t want to say we shouldn’t do this, but I think we should really vamp up the efforts and really talk about creating forests in the cities. Like long, elongated forests in cities where we can take away space from cars and kind of create other types of mobility that do not depend so much on the car. But generally kind of we have to rethink the surfaces of the cities, we have to use technologies, use different types of materials to cool the cities and also bring water to the surfaces of the cities, which is very important, and use water together with green to lower temperatures.

Martha Myers: So as we have just seen with the release of the new IPCC report, we are really heading towards a climate crisis and this is a lived experience for millions, if not billions of people day to day. And it is the poorest who are on the front lines of the climate crisis, those who have already been marginalized by our current capitalist neoliberal system. And these are people of color, elderly, and those that have been already exploited. And these are the people that have done least impact climate change. And they are often the ones that feel the brunt of this. And we’re seeing this with heatwaves across Europe at the moment and also flash flooding, which has really drastically impacted Belgium, Germany, areas across the U.K.

So these heat waves are one example of the volatile nature of climate change and how this is going to just be escalating for years to come. So at the moment, we are heading towards a 5 to 6 degree warmer world. And really we need to stay within 1.5 degrees to have a chance of any future for humanity and also for other species across the world.

Mònica Guiteras Blaya: We should start really understanding that it is a collective responsibility and that not everybody has contributed the same to climate change. And maybe not only the Global South, but also, for example, people living in energy poverty in Europe or in the states or in any so-called rich country, we can’t demand the energy poor to consume less. We can’t do that because maybe they are consuming too little. Maybe they are consuming under what they need.

We have seen that very clearly in the Alliance Against Energy Poverty. Like people don’t turn on the heat because they are too afraid to the bill that is coming the next month or they aren’t turning on not even the air conditioner because they don’t have that, but the ventilation, the fans, because they are too afraid of what would be the bill if I turned it on. So, for us, it’s very important to understand that we cannot demand the same for people who have been under-consuming. So maybe some need to consume less, for some to consume adequately. And so for us, this is climate justice. And this is what we are trying to explain because there’s inequalities.

Martha Myers: The Right to Energy movement brings together so many different actors to ensure that we are not only amplifying the voices of low income groups in the European Green Deal and in climate policy, but they are at the forefront of every single piece of climate policy. Adding low income groups as an add-on to climate policy is not going to work — these are groups that have been disproportionately excluded and exploited by the capitalist system for decades, if not centuries. So we must ensure that they are at the forefront of every single piece of climate legislation. There is no way that you can bring forward one climate policy that is going to disproportionately impact the poorest and then go, oh, it’s okay, because we’ve actually given them some climate policy and energy efficiency. That’s not how it works. We need to ensure that all green policy is socially just.

Again, it comes down to the question of, we are going to have to spend billions, if not trillions of euros to mitigate the climate crisis. Either we do this through adaptation and mitigation to ensure that we have efficient housing, renewables for all, green infrastructure, and that this is heavily subsidized to ensure that all can have access to the energy transition. Or we have to respond to disaster after disaster, which we’re already seeing is a lived reality for many for decades, but now in Europe, it’s starting to be right on our doorstep. And I think that’s a real wake up call for a lot of European officials who had seen climate change as something in the distant future. Whereas it’s really clear now that we are already too late to take action. And so I do hope that this is the time where we really shift away from neoliberal ideology in our political system towards really thinking about what is going to benefit people and planet in the long term.

##

Tom Llewellyn: The Response is officially back for a 4th season. Over the next few months we’ll be increasing the frequency of the show and releasing new episodes at least every other week. We’ve already got a number of exciting interviews and roundtable discussions lined up. And if you would like to hear more episodes like this, you should check out our other audio documentaries mostly exploring specific community-led responses to disasters like the 2017 Mexico City Earthquake, Hurricane Sandy in New York City, the Grenfell Tower Fire in London, and a lot more.

We also encourage you to watch our award-winning 30-minute micro-budget documentary film, “The Response: How Puerto Ricans Are Restoring Power to the People,” on shareable’s Youtube channel (you can find a link in the episode notes). While you’re there it would be a big help if you give it a thumbs up and let us know what you think in the comments.

This episode of The Response was researched, written, and produced by Robert Raymond, our theme music is provided by Cultivate Beats, original artwork was created by Kane Lynch, and was executive produced and hosted by me, Tom Llewellyn.

We would like to thank Eleni Myrivili, Martha Myers, Mònica Guiteras Blaya, and Lidija Živčič for being interviewed for this episode and to Belong and Chris Zabriskie for the use of their music.

This is a project of Shareable.net, an award-winning nonprofit media outlet, action network, and consultancy promoting people-powered solutions for the common good.

Support for this show has been provided by the Shift and Guerrilla foundations, Platform OS, Cloud of Goods, and tax-deductible donations from listeners like you. That’s it for today’s show. Please hit subscribe wherever you get your podcasts, to hear more stories and discussions like this. Until next time, take care of each other.

Download our free ebook- The Response: Building Collective Resilience in the Wake of Disasters (2019)

 

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